COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE GLUTE HAM DEVELOPER EXERCISE

Júlia Valério de Mendonça, Raphael Oliveira Ramos Franco Netto, Felipe Augusto da Cruz, Davi Andrade Galvão, Eduardo José Caldeira, Marcelo Rodrigues Cunha, Marcelo Conte, Victor Augusto R. Fernandes

Resumo


Introduction: GHD (Glute Ham Developer) is a recurrent exercise in training and competitions in Cross Training modalities, studies and cinematic analyzes of this movement are still little found in the literature. Objective: To analyze the kinematics of the GHD and compare the performance and angles of the hips and knees of two volunteers, one experienced and the other novice in the sport. Method: An experienced volunteer and another novice, but physically active, were selected and had their resting heart rates measured. They were invited to perform three movements on the GHD device, and these gestures were monitored and filmed by the researchers. After performing the gesture, the heart rate was measured again. The videos were analyzed using Kinovea kinematic software and the results were tabulated and compared using BioStat statistical software (p <0.05). Results: the kinematics of the GHD recommends hip flexion and hyperextension of this joint. Practitioners performed compensatory movements with the knee joint to assist with hip flexion. Exercise can offer risks of disc injuries to the intervertebral discs, due to the tension load present during and hyperextension. Conclusion: GHD is a complex movement that involves the iliopsoas muscles, erector of the spine, rectus femoris, hamstrings and rectus abdominis through variations of the joints that these muscles act. The movement must be previously taught through education and the due strengthening of the involved muscles must also occur, mainly in beginners, considering the inherent risk of injuries resulting from the movement.

Palavras-chave


Exercise, CrossTraining, Moviment, Kinematic, Sports.

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Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank the Scientific Initiation program of the School of Physical Education of Jundiaí and the National Council for Research and Development of the CNPq Federal Government.


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